Guayabo National Monument
Size: 218 hectares.
Dry season: December through April.
Distance from San José: 84 kilometers.
The largest and most important archaeological site discovered so far in Costa Rica is Guayabo. It is part of the cultural region of Central Intermountain and Atlantic Basin. Some of the features of the building point to South America, while Mesoamerican evidence is also provided, a common occurrence due to the “land bridge” nature of the Central America’s geographic position.
The archaeological significance of Guayabo were known since the end of the last century. At that time several expeditions carried out to collect artifacts in museums and private collections, and the complete collection of archaeological Costa Rica was exhibited at the Historic American Expo in Madrid (1982).
Open secondary vegetation grows in the areas near the archaeological site as a result of logging performed in the region for many years. Most species are pioneers and include Guana, Burio and trumpet tree.
Wildlife is scarce and poor due to the small size of the monument. The most visible creatures are birds, especially the keel-billed toucan and Montezuma Oropendola. Insects, lizards and frogs are often seen a few examples of the fauna.